Inclusions and Methodology for Secure Code Review

Secure code review plays a crucial role in identifying and mitigating vulnerabilities in software applications. Bluedog will conduct a thorough examination of the codebase, so organizations can identify potential security weaknesses and implement appropriate measures to enhance the overall security posture of their applications. This blog post explores the inclusions and methodology required for an effective and comprehensive secure code review.

Inclusions for Secure Code Review:

1. Source Code Analysis Tools:

Employing automated source code analysis tools is an essential component of secure code review. These tools scan the source code for known vulnerabilities, coding errors, and insecure programming practices. By using tools such as static analysis, dynamic analysis, and interactive application security testing (IAST), Bluedog can efficiently identify potential security vulnerabilities.

2. Manual Code Inspection:

While automated tools are valuable, manual code inspection is equally important in a secure code review. Bluedog uses experienced security professionals to manually review the code to identify vulnerabilities that automated tools may overlook. This process involves analyzing the code for potential logic flaws, weak access controls, input validation issues, and other security-related weaknesses.

3. Security Standards and Best Practices:

A Bluedog secure code review encompasses adherence to industry-standard security guidelines and best practices. We follow recognized standards such as the Open Web Application Security Project (OWASP) Top Ten and guidelines provided by security organizations like the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST). Compliance with these standards helps ensure that common vulnerabilities are identified and addressed appropriately.

4. Threat Modelling:

Bluedog integrates threat modelling into the code review process to enhance the effectiveness of security assessments. By identifying potential threats and attack vectors early in the development cycle, developers can proactively design and implement appropriate security controls. Threat modelling helps in prioritizing vulnerabilities, allocating resources effectively, and minimizing security risks.

Methodology for Secure Code Review:

1. Planning and Scoping:

The first step in conducting a secure code review is to define the scope and objectives of the review. This includes identifying the specific codebase, applications, or modules to be reviewed, as well as determining the timeline and available resources. Clear objectives and well-defined scope ensure a focused and efficient code review process.

2. Code Review Execution:

The actual code review comprises several steps, including static analysis, manual inspection, and testing. Static analysis involves scanning the code for potential vulnerabilities using automated tools. Manual inspection involves a thorough review of the codebase by experienced security professionals. Testing may involve executing the code in a controlled environment to identify runtime vulnerabilities.

3. Issue Identification and Prioritization:

During the code review, identified security issues should be documented, categorized, and prioritized based on severity and impact. This step helps ensure that critical vulnerabilities are addressed promptly, reducing the risk of exploitation. Proper categorization also assists in allocating resources effectively for remediation efforts.

4. Remediation and Verification:

Once vulnerabilities are identified and prioritized, remediation actions should be taken promptly. Developers need to address the identified issues by implementing secure coding practices, applying patches, or rewriting vulnerable code segments. After remediation, the code should undergo a re-review to verify that the identified issues have been adequately resolved.

5. Continuous Improvement:

Secure code review should be an iterative process that promotes continuous improvement. Organizations should gather feedback from code reviewers, developers, and stakeholders to refine the code review methodology. Incorporating lessons learned from previous reviews and staying up-to-date with emerging threats and best practices ensures a robust and effective code review process.


A comprehensive and effective secure code review is essential for identifying and mitigating vulnerabilities in software applications. By including source code analysis tools, manual code inspection, security standards, and threat modelling, Bluedog can enable organizations to enhance the overall security of their codebases.